UPSC National Defence Academy

The National Defence Academy (NDA) also known as Joint Services Academy of the Indian Armed Forces, where cadets of the three services, the Army, the Navy and the Air Force train together before they go on to pre-commissioning training in their respective service academies.


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National Defence Academy is conducted by the UPSC twice a year, after which the selected candidates are sent to National Defence Academy for training. The National Defence Academy is located in Pune, Maharashtra. It is the first tri-service academy in the world.


upsc-ndaUPSC NDA Exam Pattern:

The General Ability Test consists of-

Part A – English – 200

Part B -General Knowledge – 400

The papers in all the subjects consist of multiple choice objective type questions only.


The UPSC will declare a qualified list of candidates (based on the written exam) and the selected candidates will appear before a Services Selection Board for Intelligence and Personality Test.

Candidates for the Army/Navy wings of the NDA and Executive branch of Naval Academy will be assessed on officers’ potentiality

Candidates for the Air Force wing, along with officer potentiality assessment, will also undergo a Pilot Aptitude Test.

UPSC NDA Exam Pattern:

UPSC conducts NDA (National Defence Academy) Exam in two Stages:

1.  Written Examination
2. Interview

Written Examination:

The exam will constitute 2 subjects, Maths and General Ability Test and each subject is given the time limit 2 ½ Hours, maximum marks for Maths is 300 & General ability is 600.

The papers in all the subjects will consist of objective type questions only.

The question papers of Mathematics & Part B of General Ability Test will be set bilingually in Hindi as well as English.


Qualified candidates in the written examination will be called for Interview conducted by SSB (Services selection board).

For Army, Navy Wings & 10 +2 Entry Scheme candidates need to undergo Intelligence Test & Personality Test, but for Air Force Wing the candidates must attend a Pilot Aptitude Test. The Interview consists both Intelligence and Personality Test.

In interview the candidates will be put to Intelligence Tests both Verbal and Non Verbal Tests based knowledge to assess their intelligence, they will also go to Group Tests such as Group Discussions, Group Planning, Outdoor Group Tasks, and asked to give Brief Lectures on Specified Subjects.

UPSC NDA Exam Scheme:

Subjects – Time Duration – Maximum Marks

Mathematics – 2 ½ Hours – 300

General Ability Test – 2 ½ Hours – 600

Total – 900

UPSC NDA Exam Selection Procedure:

The selection procedure based on Psychological Aptitude Test and Intelligence Test

Candidates who qualified in stage 1 are required to appear stage 2.

Those candidates who qualify stage II will be required to submit the original Certificates along with one photocopy each of:

Original Matriculation Pass certificate or equivalent in support of date of birth

Original 10+2 pass certificate or equivalent in support of educational qualification

For final qualification, candidates for the Army/Navy and Naval Academy should secure the minimum qualifying marks separately in

(i) Written examination and

(ii) Officer potentiality test and candidates for the Air Force should secure the minimum qualifying marks separately in Written Test; Officer Potentiality Test and Pilot Aptitude Test as fixed by the Commission in their discretion.

Qualified candidates will then be placed in the final order of merit on the basis of total marks secured by them in the written examination, and the Services Selection Board Tests in three separate lists:

Army and the Navy, Air Force, Executive course at the Naval Academy

The final selection for admission will be made in order of merit depending on the number of vacancies in each wing. The selection will be subject to medical fitness and suitability in all other respects.


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